- make1 W1S1 [meık] v past tense and past participle made [meıd]▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(produce)¦2¦(do)¦3¦(cook)¦4¦(cause)¦5¦(force)¦6¦(mark/hole etc)¦7 make it8 make the meeting/the party/Tuesday etc9¦(achieve something)¦10¦(get money)¦11¦(have a quality)¦12 make it/that something13 make do14 make yourself heard/understood/known etc15¦(be a total)¦16¦(calculate)¦17¦(sports score)¦18 make somebody captain/leader etc19 make believe20 make like21 make as if to do something22¦(arrive)¦23 make the papers/headlines/front page etc24 make or break25 that makes two of us26¦(make something perfect)¦27 make it with somebodyPhrasal verbsmake away with somebody/somethingmake for somethingmake somebody/something into somethingmake something of somebody/somethingmake offmake off with somethingmake outmake something out of somebody/somethingmake something/somebody<=>overmake towards somethingmake upmake up for somethingmake up to somebody▬▬▬▬▬▬▬[: Old English; Origin: macian]1.) ¦(PRODUCE)¦ [T]to produce something, for example by putting the different parts of it together▪ I'm going to show you how to make a box for your tools.▪ A family of mice had made their nest in the roof.▪ She made her own wedding dress.▪ The company has been making quality furniture for over 200 years.▪ They met while they were making a film for Australian TV.▪ Make a list of all the things you need.make sb sth▪ He made her a toy horse, using just some straw and bamboo twigs.be made from sth▪ Paper is made from wood.be made (out) of sth▪ a shirt made of silkmake sth from/out of sth▪ She's very good at making things from old scraps of material.Japanese-made/English-made etc(=produced in Japan etc)2.) ¦(DO)¦ [T]used with some nouns to say that someone does something▪ Anyone can make a mistake.▪ I can't make a decision just yet.▪ I need to make a quick phone call.▪ You could have made more effort to talk to him.▪ He made no attempt to apologize.▪ Could I make a suggestion?▪ There are a few points I'd like to make.▪ The police were called but no arrests were made.▪ I suppose we should make a start on cleaning this room.▪ Stop making such a fuss!3.) ¦(COOK)¦ [T]to cook or prepare food or drink▪ When was the last time you made a cake?▪ John was making breakfast in the kitchen.▪ Who's going to make the tea?make sb sth▪ I'll make you some sandwiches.4.) ¦(CAUSE)¦ [T]to cause something to happen, or cause a particular state or condition▪ Its beautiful beaches make this a highly popular area with tourists.▪ It was this movie which made him a star.▪ His attitude made him very unpopular with colleagues.▪ The photo makes her look much older than she really is.make sb/sth do sth▪ I like him because he makes me laugh.make sth difficult/easy/possible etc▪ The use of computers has made it possible for more people to work from home.make sth the best/worst/most expensive etc▪ Over 80,000 people attended, making it the biggest sporting event in the area.▪ The President has made it clear that he is not going to change his mind.5.) ¦(FORCE)¦ [T]to force someone to do somethingmake sb do sth▪ My parents always make me do my homework before I go out.be made to do sth▪ I was made to wait four hours before I was examined by a doctor.6.) ¦(MARK/HOLE ETC)¦ [T]to cause a mark, hole etc to appearmake a hole/dent/mark etc▪ Make a hole in the paper.▪ The cup has made a mark on the table.7.) make ita) to succeed in getting somewhere in time for something or when this is difficult▪ If we run, we should make it.make it to▪ With blood pouring from his leg, he made it to a nearby house.b) to be successful at something, for example in your job▪ He came to the US and not only made it but made it big (=was extremely successful) .▪ So far, relatively few women have made it to the top in the business world.make it as▪ He was told he had no talent and would never make it as a professional singer.make it to▪ England look less likely to make it to the finals.make it to manager/director etc▪ How did anyone so stupid make it to manager?c) spoken to be able to go to an event, meeting etc that has been arranged▪ I'm really sorry, but I won't be able to make it on Sunday after all.▪ Nice to see you. I'm glad you could make it.d) informal to continue to live after you have been seriously ill or badly injured▪ Frank was very ill, and the doctors didn't think he'd make it.e) to manage to deal with a difficult experiencemake it through▪ I couldn't have made it through those times without the support of my boyfriend.f) used to say or ask what time it is according to your own or someone else's watch▪ What time do you make it?▪ I make it ten past three.8.) make the meeting/the party/Tuesday etcspoken to be able to go to something that has been arranged for a particular date or time▪ I'm sorry, I can't make Friday after all.▪ Will you be able to make the next meeting?9.) ¦(ACHIEVE SOMETHING)¦ [T]to succeed in achieving a particular position, rate etc▪ He was never good enough to make the team.▪ I don't think we'll make the deadline.10.)¦(GET MONEY)¦ [T]to earn or get money▪ The plan could cost you more than you would make.▪ The business made a profit of £140 million last year.▪ His one aim in life was to make money .▪ She hopes to make a living (=earn the money she needs to live) from writing children's books.▪ He's made a fortune (=earned a lot of money) selling computers on the Internet.make sth out of sth▪ How easy is it to make money out of gardening?11.) ¦(HAVE A QUALITY)¦ [linking verb]to have the qualities that are necessary for a particular job, use, or purpose+ noun▪ I'm sure you will make a very good teacher.▪ The hall would make an ideal venue for a wedding reception.▪ An old cardboard box makes a comfortable bed for a kitten.12.) make it/that sthspoken used to correct what you have just said▪ Can we have two cups of coffee, please? No, make that three.13.) make doto manage with the things that you have, even though this is not really enough▪ I hardly had any food in the house so I just had to make do.make do with/without▪ I usually make do with a cup of coffee for breakfast.▪ For many people, make do and mend (=when someone manages with the things they have and does not buy anything new) was a harsh reality.14.) make yourself heard/understood/known etcto succeed in getting someone to hear you, understand you, or know that you are there▪ I had to shout to make myself heard above the music.15.) ¦(BE A TOTAL)¦ [linking verb]to be a particular amount when added together▪ Two and two make four.▪ There are nine people coming, plus me, which makes ten.16.) ¦(CALCULATE)¦ [T]used to say what you have calculated a number to be▪ I make that $150 altogether.17.) ¦(SPORTS SCORE)¦ [T]to achieve a particular score in a sports game▪ Surrey had made 92 by lunchtime.18.) make sb captain/leader etcto give someone a new job or position in a group, organization etc▪ She's now been made a full partner.▪ He was made mayor in 1998.19.) make believeto pretend or imagine that something is true when it is not▪ I tried to make believe she was happy, but knew deep down it wasn't true.20.) make like informalto behave as if something is true when it is not▪ He makes like he never met me before.21.) make as if to do sthliterary to seem as if you are going to do something but then not do it▪ She made as if to speak but then stopped.22.) ¦(ARRIVE)¦ [T]old-fashioned to arrive at or get to a particular place, especially when it is difficult▪ I don't think we're going to make the town before nightfall.23.) make the papers/headlines/front page etcto be interesting or important enough to be printed in a newspaper, reported on television etc▪ News of their divorce made the headlines.24.) make or breakto cause something or someone either to be very successful or to fail completely▪ Critics can make or break a young performer.25.) that makes two of usspoken used to say that you agree with someone or that something that is true of them is true of you too▪ 'I haven't a clue what's going on.' 'That makes two of us.'26.) ¦(MAKE SOMETHING PERFECT)¦ [T] informalto make something complete or successful▪ The hat makes the outfit.27.) make it with sbold-fashioned informal to have sex with someone→↑made→make sb's day at ↑day→make friends at ↑friend→make good at ↑good1 (35)→make sense at ↑sense1 (5)make away with / [make away with sb/sth] phr v1.) informal to steal something and take it away with you▪ Thieves made away with the contents of the safe.2.) old-fashioned to kill someonemake for [make for sth] phr v1.) to go in the direction of a particular place= head for▪ I think it's time we made for home.2.) [not in progressive]to cause a particular result or situation▪ Both teams are on good form, which should make for a great game.→made for each other at ↑mademake into [make sb/sth into sth] phr v1.) to change something so that it has a different form or purpose▪ We can make your room into a study.2.) to change someone's character, job, position in society etc▪ The movie made her into a star overnight.make of / [make sth of sb/sth] phr v1.) to have a particular opinion about or understanding of something or someone▪ I didn't know what to make of her.▪ What do you make of the idea?2.) to use the opportunities that you have in order to become successful▪ I want to make something of my life.make sth of yourself▪ She has the ambition and talent to make something of herself.3.) make the most of sthto get as much advantage as you can from a situation while you are able to▪ We've only got one day in Paris, so we'd better make the most of it.4.) make too much of sthto treat something as if it is more important than it really is▪ It would be a mistake to make too much of these findings.→make much of sb/sth at ↑much2 (17)5.) make a day/night/evening of it informalto spend a whole day, night etc doing something, because you have chosen to▪ We decided to take a picnic and make a day of it.→make a go of sth at ↑go2 (3)→make the best of sth at ↑best3 (9)→see what sb is made of at ↑mademake off phr vto leave quickly, especially in order to escape▪ The men made off as the police arrived.make off along/across/through etc▪ The getaway car made off towards Horrocks Avenue.make off with [make off with sth] phr vto steal something and take it away with you▪ Thieves broke into the school and made off with computer equipment worth £40,000.make out phr v1.) ¦(SEE/HEAR)¦make sth<=>outto be just able to see or hear something▪ He could just make out a dark shape moving towards him.make out who/what etc▪ I couldn't make out what he was saying.2.) ¦(UNDERSTAND SOMETHING)¦make sth<=>outto understand something, especially the reason why something has happenedmake out what/how/why etc▪ I couldn't make out what I had done to annoy her.▪ As far as I can make out , he has never been married.3.) ¦(UNDERSTAND SOMEBODY)¦make sb<=>out [usually in questions and negatives]to understand someone's character and the way they behave▪ Stuart's a strange guy - I can't make him out at all.4.) ¦(WRITE CHEQUE ETC)¦make sth<=>outto write something such as a bill or cheque▪ She was making out a list of people to invite.▪ The book gives advice on making out a will.make something<=>out to▪ Make the cheque out to 'Spencer Cross Ltd'.5.) ¦(SAY/PRETEND)¦make sb/sth<=>outto say that something is true when it is not▪ The situation was never as bad as the media made out.make out (that)▪ She always tried to make out that I was wrong and she was right.make sb/sth out to be sth▪ He makes me out to be some sort of idiot.6.) make out a case (for sth)to find good reasons that prove something or show why you need something▪ I'm sure we can make out a case for hiring another assistant.7.) ¦(SUCCEED)¦especially AmE to succeed or progress in a particular way▪ How did you make out this morning?8.) ¦(SEX)¦informal especially AmE to kiss and touch someone in a sexual way9.) make out like a banditAmE informal to get or win a lot of money▪ The lawyers made out like bandits.make out of / [make sth out of sb/sth] phr vto change a person or thing into something else▪ The Olympics can make sporting heroes out of previously little-known athletes.make over [make sth/sb<=>over] phr v1.) especially BrE to officially and legally give money or property to someone elsemake something/somebody<=>over to▪ He made over the whole estate to his son.2.) to change someone or something so that they look different or have a different use▪ Redgrave has made herself over completely for her movie role.→↑makeovermake towards [make towards sth] phr vto start moving towards something▪ She made towards the door.make up phr v1.) ¦(FORM/BE)¦make up sth [not in progressive]to combine together to form something= ↑constitute▪ Women make up only a small proportion of the prison population.be made up of sth▪ The committee is made up of representatives from every state.2.) ¦(PRETEND SOMETHING IS TRUE)¦make sth<=>upto pretend that something is true in order to deceive someone▪ I think they're making the whole thing up.→↑made-up3.) ¦(INVENT)¦make sth<=>upto produce a new story, song, game etc by thinking▪ Nick made up a song about them.▪ When you're the boss you can make up your own rules.▪ I've given talks so many times that now I just make them up as I go along (=think of things to say as I am speaking) .4.) ¦(PREPARE)¦make sth<=>upto prepare something by mixing things or putting things together▪ I could make up a bed for you on the sofa.▪ Can you make up a bottle of milk for the baby?5.) ¦(SOMEBODY'S FACE)¦make sb<=>upto put ↑make-up (=special coloured substances) on someone's face in order to make them look better or different▪ They made him up as an old man for the last act of the play.▪ One lucky winner will have the chance to be made up and photographed.→↑made-up6.) ¦(NUMBER/AMOUNT)¦make sth<=>upespecially BrE to add to an amount in order to bring it up to the level that is needed▪ I saved as much as I could, and my parents made up the rest.▪ The company will be forced to pay $6 million to make up the difference .7.) ¦(TIME/WORK)¦make sth<=>upto work at times when you do not usually work, because you have not done as much work as you should▪ I'm trying to make up the time I lost while I was sick.▪ Is it OK if I make the work up next week?8.) ¦(FRIENDS)¦ also make it upinformal to become friendly with someone again after you have had an argumentmake up with▪ Have you made up with Patty yet?▪ Oh come on! Why don't you just kiss and make up ?9.) ¦(FROM CLOTH)¦make sth<=>upto produce something from cloth by cutting and sewing▪ The dress had been made up to her exact requirements.make something<=>up into▪ I plan on making that material up into a dress.→make up your mind at ↑mind1 (3)make up for [make up for sth] phr v1.) to make a bad situation better, or replace something that has been lost▪ The team will be anxious to make up for a disappointing start to the season.▪ I don't eat breakfast but I make up for it at lunch.▪ The good days more than make up for the bad ones.see usage note ↑include2.) to have so much of one quality that it is not important that you do not have much of another onemake up for something in/with▪ What Jay lacked in experience, he made up for in enthusiasm.▪ She doesn't have a natural talent but she makes up for it with hard work.3.) to do something to show that you are sorry for doing something that upset or annoyed someone▪ I'm sorry I was late. To make up for it, let me treat you to a meal.4.) make up for lost timea) to work more quickly, or at times when you do not usually work, because something has prevented you from doing the work before▪ We rehearsed all day Saturday, to make up for lost time.b) to do a lot of something in an eager way because you have not had a chance to do it before▪ Palin didn't travel much as a young man but he's certainly made up for lost time now.make up to [make up to sb] phr v1.) make (it) up to sbto do something to show that you are sorry about the problems you have caused someone▪ I'll make it up to you somehow.▪ He was looking for a way to make up to her for what he had done.2.) BrE informal to say nice things to someone or be very friendly to them in order to get an advantage for yourself - used in order to show disapproval3.) be made up to captain/manager etcto be given a higher position in an organization▪ He was a security guard before he was made up to reception manager.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬HINT sense 6Do not use the verb make up when you are talking about putting coloured substances on your own face. Say that you wear make-up or put on make-up.WORD CHOICE:made from, made of, made byWhen you are talking about the materials that are used to make something, you say that it is made of or made from those materials.Use made from when the original materials have been completely changed and cannot be recognized : Paper is made from wood.Use made of when the original materials have not been completely changed and you can still see them : a table made of wood!! Do not use made by when you are talking about the materials something is made from : a small purse made of leather (NOT a small purse made by leather). Made by is used to talk about the person or company that made something : All the furniture in this room was made by my grandfather.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬make 2make2 n1.)the name of a particular product or of the company that makes it▪ What make is your car?make of▪ It's one of the most popular makes of satellite phone on the market.2.) be on the make informalto be trying to get money or power - used in order to show disapproval▪ He was just a salesman on the make.
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.